Amphetamines are drugs that stimulate the body’s central nervous system (CNS). There are illicit and legal forms of amphetamines. Some of the legal forms of this type of drug include Adderall and Dexedrine. They are commonly used to treat narcolepsy, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other behavioral disorders. Amphetamine drugs bring users a sense of alertness and help people to concentrate. This is why many people who have ADHD use prescription amphetamines regularly. One of the most common illicit drugs in this category is methamphetamine. This drug is extremely harmful to those who use it. Because of this particular drug’s dangerous effects, the use of methamphetamine (also called “meth”) has been deemed illegal. Regardless of whether or not they are legal, drugs under the amphetamine category are usually highly addictive and can cause people to become dependent on them fairly quickly.
Amphetamines go by several street names, including speed, ice, meth, and rock. People use this drug in various forms. Amphetamines can be found in the form of a tablet, paste, crystal, or a powder. The crystal form is called “rock.” Amphetamine in powder form is often referred to as “speed” and comes in various colors. Sometimes, it is seen a white powder; other times, it may be more of a brownish color. People may use amphetamines orally or via injection. Some individuals may snort or smoke the substance. But, regardless of the name, color, or method of use, amphetamine use, in general, can be very dangerous. And abusing these substances can cause life-altering results. Even when an addiction to amphetamines is identified, it can be very hard for people to reverse the effects of addiction in their lives. Amphetamine withdrawal can make ending substance abuse and dependence extremely difficult.
Short and Long term Effects of Amphetamine Use.
When a person uses amphetamines regularly, they will experience some short- and long-term effects. Some of the short-term, or immediate, effects include things like:
- Dry mouth
- Fast heart rate
- Loss of appetite
- Boost of energy
- Abnormal breathing
- Increase in sex drive
- Increase in motivation
- Feeling of restlessness
- A sudden change in mood
Long-term effects of amphetamine use include:
- Brain damage
- Kidney failure
- Heart damage
- Vision problems
- Dental damage
- Delusional thinking
- Breathing problems
- Memory problems
- Sleep disturbances
- Excessive weight loss
- Concentration problems
- Susceptibility to illness
- Negative behavior (perhaps even violence)
Amphetamine Detox at Mountainview Recovery.
Again, since amphetamines are extremely addictive, many users become heavily dependent on them without much difficulty. Of course, people don’t usually become addicted to amphetamines after the first or second use. But, over time, individuals who are using and abusing these drugs can become physically and mentally dependent on them. Even if a person is using legal amphetamine medication to treat things like ADHD, he or she could develop a problem. Using a drug regularly can cause the body to build tolerance for that substance. Tolerance is the body’s response, or lack thereof, to a drug. The body responds a certain way when a person uses drugs like amphetamines. People often experience changes in their mood, excitement, and energy when they use these drugs. But, the body will get used to the substance after a while, and it will no longer respond the same way. This is tolerance.
But, being tolerant of the drug won’t stop the body from craving the pleasurable feelings that come with substance use. The person will most likely desire to feel that “high” or rush of excitement again. So, he or she will feel the need to use again. Since the dose they used before didn’t produce the desired results, people may use a larger dose in order to get the effects they want. This is known as drug abuse or misuse. And the fact that the person feels the need to use amphetamines in order to feel “normal” is a sign of amphetamine dependence. Some other signs of amphetamine dependence include increased and regular use of the drug, inability to control use habits, and using despite the harmful effects. Fortunately, a medically supervised detox program can help individuals to begin their journey to recovery.
The Symptoms of Amphetamine Withdrawal.
Withdrawal is one of the main reasons why it’s so difficult for people to overcome alcohol or drug abuse. People who are trying to stop abusing drugs often experience unpleasant symptoms of withdrawal. If a person wants to stop using amphetamines, he or she will experience amphetamine withdrawal during amphetamine detox. Some of those symptoms may be:
- Pale skin
- Loss of energy
- Increased anxiety
- Lack of motivation
- Suicidal thoughts
- State of lethargy
- Excessive hunger
- Impaired memory
- Cravings for amphetamine use
- Loss of interest in activities or people that were once enjoyable
- Sleeping problems (insomnia, lack of sleep, disturbed sleep)
People who are working to overcome dependence may deal with the very unpleasant symptoms of amphetamine withdrawal. But a detox program like ours here at Mountainview Recovery can help individuals to get through amphetamine withdrawal in the safest and most comfortable way possible.
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